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ESA optional programmes with participation of the Czech Republic - Ministerial Council 2008


The activities of European Space Agency (ESA) are divided into two groups: mandatory activities and optional programmes. Each member state subscribes to participate in ESA optional programmes at the ESA Council at ministerial level. The Czech Republic subscribed to financially participate in range of optional programs at the ESA Councils at ministerial level, first one was held on 25th-26th November 2008, Hague, the Netherlands, the second one on 20th-21st November 2012, Naples, Italy.

Description of optional programmes (CM 2008):

MTG (Meteosat Third Generation)

  • It is planned European operational geostationary meteorological satellite system which is proposed as a revolutionary in the area of weather forecast and monitoring of the environment.

Objective:

  • The development of new generation of geostationary meteorological satellites.
  • The development of the technologies and systems which will allow EUMETSAT to ensure continuation of the European meteorological service and to increase the quality of offered meteorological services for Europe.

Description:

  • The MTG system was established through cooperation between EUMETSAT and ESA. ESA contributed to the research and development of new satellites. The first MTG-I and MTG-S prototypes are being developed by ESA as part of its optional programme MTG. EUMETSAT will fund the development of satellites and ground segment, also future operations for the full lifetime of the satellite series.
  • The system is planned to be launched in 2015.
  • MTG will represent a revolution in weather forecast and monitoring of the environment. It will enhance a very significant accuracy of capabilities in comparison with current second generation of Meteosat, in particular thanks to additional measurement capabilities, higher resolution and more timely provision of data.
  • This programme with a long subscription period (2009-2020) offers the opportunity for the Czech industry to develop products for the next generation of operational meteorological satellites that will then be procured by EUMETSAT via ESA.
  • A successful involvement of the Czech companies in this programme is necessary and it will lead to benefits in the Czech Republic. If appropriate and possible at the ESA Council 2011, an increase of the subscription could be considered.

Duration:

  • 2009-2020

Czech financial contribution:

  • 2,24 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

GMES Space Component Segment 2 (Global Monitoring and Environment and Security Space Components Programme)

Objective:

  • To launch the satellite series for Earth’s observation Sentinel-1B, 2B, 3B, the preparatory phase of the Sentinel-4, Sentinel -5 satellites and the construction of the Sentinel-5 Precursor satellite.

Description:

  • The current second segment of the GMES Space Component (GSC) programme is a further major step towards full operational capability of the dedicated Sentinel missions.
  • It will also provide a reliable and efficient operational access to Earth observation data from other contributing missions needed by the GMES user community.
  • Segment 2 spans the period 2009-2018, overlapping with the on-going Segment 1 (2006-2013) initiated in the ESA Council at ministerial level in 2005.
  • All the dedicated Sentinels, Contributing Missions and Ground Segment infrastructure will be part of the overall GMES Space Component architecture managed by ESA. ESA is therefore responsible for establishing a mechanism to integrate, harmonise and coordinate access to all the relevant data from the multitude of missions contributing to GMES. This is carried out in close cooperation with national space agencies, EUMETSAT and, where relevant, with owners of non-European missions contributing to the GMES objectives.

Duration:

  • 2009-2018

Czech financial contribution:

  • 1,76 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

EOEP Period 3 (Earth Observation Envelope Programme)

Description:

  • It is the backbone of ESA activities in the field of Earth observation.
  • EOEP is made up of two main components:
    • The Earth Explorer Component: it involves scientific missions aimed at the exploration of the Earth – both large missions (Core Missions) but also smaller and less expensive missions (Opportunity Missions).
    • The Development and Exploitation component: it includes all preparatory activities for future missions, including Earth Observation Preparation Activities (EOPA), Earth Watch Definition (EWD) and Instrument Pre-Development – IPD. They cover end-to-end preparation of missions, from new sensor and spacecraft technologies to overall mission architecture and supporting science studies.
  • Activities are 100% funded by ESA.
  • It is only for participating states.

Duration:

  • 2009-2012

Czech financial contribution:

  • 2,61 mil EUR

FLPP Period 2 Step 2 (Future Launchers Preparatory Programme)

Objective:

  • To help determine how Europe maintains and strengthens its independent access to space in the long-term and to achieve a significant step forward in maturation and validation of critical technologies so as to prepare for the Next Generation of Launchers (NGL).
  • To propose a concept of new generation of launchers, experiments with sample return vehicle, solid and liquid propulsion experiments.

Description:

  • The Programme has been investing in the development of technological and industrial capabilities in all main space transportation areas since 2003.
  • It does this to prepare for the decision on Europe's best next-generation launch system, able to meet future institutional needs while also maintaining competitiveness in the commercial launcher market.
  • IXV vehicles have been developed, tested and flying models produced during this phase.
  • Activities are funded 100% by ESA.

The programme comprises of two elements:

  • Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle for re-entry (IXV)
  • Launchers – FLPP develops various launch vehicle system concepts and identifies the technologies required to make them possible

Duration:

  • 2009-2012

Czech financial contribution:

  • 0,5 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

ELIPS Period 3 (European Programme for Life and Physical Sciences and Applications in Space)

Objective:

  • The programme is focused on fundamental and applied research in life and physical sciences in space, technology demonstrations in space, energy and biotechnology.

Description:

  • Under this period there is proposed an extensive and optimized use of the European Columbus laboratory and of the European resources and capabilities available on International Space Station (ISS), complemented by a unique suite of autonomous European mission platforms for performing gravity- or radiation-related research.
  • In its third period it builds on the previous two periods which prepared the European scientific and industrial community in life and physical sciences in space by carrying-out preparatory experiments on non-ISS platforms.
  • It offers to Czech Researchers unique opportunity to perform research on ISS and other platforms such as sounding rockets, parabolic flights and drop towers.
  • It is divided into three 5-years periods (current period started in 2008 and ends in 2012).
  • Activities are funded 100% by ESA.

Duration:

  • 2008-2012

Czech financial contribution:

  • 2,77 mil EUR

ISS Development (European Transportation and Human Exploration)

Objective:

  • To prepare Europe for future human exploration of the Moon und ultimately Mars via a series of focused developments following on from experience gained through the ISS, ELIPS and Aurora Programmes.

Description:

  • The programme will support a few specific streams in order to achieve developed technologies which are required and fulfil wider goals of the programme.
  • It also includes the initial phases of an ATV-based cargo download system (Advanced Re-entry Vehicle – ARV) and the continuation of the cooperation with Russia.
  • Autonomous Lunar Lander: soft and precision landing is a key capability for future exploration missions. Activities related to this development will be pursued in landing GNC, avionics, propulsion, landing mechanism, advanced surface mobility and critical systems such as power generation and thermal control.
  • At this point in time it is not clear if the subscription to ETHE will lead to any interesting activity with potential future benefits in the Czech Republic.
  • Activities are funded 100% by ESA.

Duration:

  • 2009-2012

Czech financial contribution:

  • 0,19 mil EUR

ARTES 1 Phase V: Preliminary Studies and Investigation

Objective:

  • To define strategic directions for satellite telecommunications including marketing and technology analyses, feasibility studies of projects, standardization, etc.

Description:

  • This element is a tool for definition of strategic goals of the whole programme ARTES (Advanced Research on Telecommunication Satellite Systems).
  • Activities are funded 100% by ESA whereas companies and institution compete for contracts by public tenders.
  • Activities are partially inspired by the ideas of representatives of space industry and research which ESA gains through an initiative called “Call for Ideas”.
  • This programme is intended for all member states of ESA participating in ARTES programme.

Duration:

  • 2009-2013

Czech financial contribution:

  • 0,12 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

ARTES 3-4 Phase I: ESA Telecom – Products

Objective:

  • The preparation of products based on satellite telecommunications for commercial purposes. It includes the development, qualification, and demonstration of new products and to the improvement and update of existing ones, assuring also the qualification of these improvements.

Description:

  • An active role of industry in defining and designing products relating to commercial or institutional opportunities in the area of satellite communication, the activities are based on industry proposals.
  • A strong emphasis on the use of end products.
  • Sharing funding between ESA and industry (ESA funds up to 50%).
  • The improvement and development of satellite platforms and systems for payload.
  • The improvement and development of ground and user systems.
  • The development and demonstration of satellite communications systems.
  • Study, development and demonstration of satellite communication systems, including space, ground and user segments.
  • How to participate in this programme:
    • continuously open “Call for Proposals” (initiative from industry side);
    • opportunities announced by ESA -> public tender (ITT), (initiative from the ESA side) -> less common.

Advantages:

  • Submitting of proposals from the candidates during the year.
  • Quick gaining of contract since the submitting of the proposal.
  • Assistance from ESA experts in the area of satellite telecommunications.
  • Possibility of exchanging information at workshops organized by ESA.
  • It will be launched in 2009 and it should be going on through the whole lifetime of ARTES programme.

ARTES 3 is divided into 4 lines:

  • the development of multimedia market (applications, services)
  • the development of systems elements of satellite communications (equipment, products)
  • pioneering novel systems
  • advanced mobile systems

Duration:

  • 2009-2013

Czech financial contribution:

  • 1,7 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

ARTES 10 Phase II-1 – Iris: Satellite Communication for Air Traffic Management

Objective:

  • To develop a unified European safety and air traffic management system.

Description:

  • Programme which aims to establish additional satellite communication solutions of the future single European Air Traffic Management System (EATMS).
  • IRIS with its activities is complementary to ongoing project SESAR (Single European Sky Air Traffic Management Research) which was initialized by the European Union and EUROCONTROL.
  • It is focused on the development of a modern communication standard enabling aircraft to communicate worldwide scale, using low cost and low complexity user terminals, antennas and communication services.
  • Activities are 100% funded by ESA.

Programme consists of three phases:

  • Definition Phase: This phase provided inputs to allow SESAR to make an informed choice with regards to satellite capabilities.
  • Phase Two: It focuses on the development of a new satellite-based communication system including a new satellite communication standard, which performance will be validated end-to-end with a subset of the infrastructure required for the future European ATM System.
  • Phase Three: It will support in-orbit verification and certification of the pre-operational system, technical support to deployment of the full system, and preliminary work leading to an enhanced future role for satellites.

Duration:

  • 2009-2011

Czech financial contribution:

  • 4,14 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

ARTES 20 – IAP Phase I: Integrated Applications Promotion

Objective:

  • Development of innovative solutions (applications) combining several technologies such as navigation, telecommunication and Earth observations.

Description:

  • The goal is to foster the use of integrated space technologies, alone or in combination with a variety of terrestrial systems, in a wide range of operational services for society and public policies, thereby exploiting more systematically European investments in space and existing European space capabilities.
  • The main purpose of the programme is using and combining already existing systems and technologies for creation of services which will be exploited by the majority of users.
  • One of the conditions for starting of a new project is that such a project has to use elements (or products) at least of two of the following four areas:
    • Earth observation,
    • Satellite telecommunications,
    • Satellite navigation,
    • Technologies (development for the human flights).

It is divided into different activities:

  • Basic activities:
    • First phase (“awareness activities”) – consultancy with potencial and future users of those applications. The important are, in particular their needs;
    • Phase of realization;
  • „Demonstration activities“ – the development and testing of prototypes, new services and systems (deep interaction with users).

Duration:

  • 2009-2013

Czech financial contribution:

  • 0,17 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

European GNSS Evolution (European Global Navigation Satellite System Evolution Programme)

Objective:

  • To maintain and further improve the technology so far acquired through the EGNOS and GALILEO projects.

Description:

  • The programme functions to ensure the ongoing evolution of these systems in terms of technology and performance so they can adequately meet future demands in the short, medium and long terms.
  • The programme is focused on fulfilling of following concrete goals (in the framework of new generation of EGNOS system):
    • increasing of accuracy of the system;
    • evaluation of integrity for all reasonable GNSS systems;
    • adjustment of offered services for different groups of users;
  • The programme includes R&D activities composed of system definition and support studies, technology R&D, test-beds and system pre-developments and accompaniment activities.
  • Activities are 100% funded by ESA.

Duration:

  • 2009-2011

Czech financial contribution:

  • 0,48 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

GSTP Phase 5 (General Support Technology Programme)

Objective:

  • To mature various needed technologies, test their feasibility, turn it into products or readily available technology, or verification under conditions of a spaceflight.

Description:

  • GSTP is of very high interest to industry and academia and due to its confirmation support mechanism for single activities (and guaranteeing a geo-return of 100%) it allows Czech priorities to be addressed.
  • In this programme 5 year work plans are used with regular updates every year.
  • Support confirmation on single activities by the participating States is necessary to submit bids to the activities.
  • Programme has been divided into 4 elements for this phase:
    • Part 1 – General activities: covers the standard GSTP activities in all service domains except telecommunications (for which there are ARTES programmes). It supports user programmes and industry complementary to TRP and domain specific programmes and contributes to the product policy, also addressing product obsolescence. This element includes a permanently open Call for Proposals.
    • Part 2 – Building Blocks and Components: involving the bringing individual components and related building blocks to a high enough technology readiness level to be included in catalogue of European Space Product. This element will incorporate the existing work of the European Component Initiative (ECI) and ESA's participation in the European Space Component Coordination (ESCC).
    • Part 3 – Security for the Citizens: covering the development of technologies for systems with security applications. It also includes technology development for the new Space Situation Awareness (SSA) initiative. The SSA will endow Europe with its own capabilities to monitor the space environment and guarantee the safe operation of the space assets on which we rely for daily life.
    • Part 4 – In Orbit Demonstration: responding to industrial requests by making berths available for in-orbit technology qualification aboard small demonstrator satellites, along with the demonstration of novel research and operations techniques.
  • Activities are 100% funded by ESA (50% in non-competitive tenders).
  • Participating states must explicitly express a support to each activity in order for a company to participate in tenders.

Duration:

  • 2009-2013

Czech financial contribution:

  • 3,23 mil EUR

More information about this programme is here.

PRODEX (Programme for the Development of Scientific Experiments)

Objective:

  • It provides funding for the industrial development of scientific instruments or experiments, proposed by institutes or universities in the Czech Republic, that are selected by ESA for one of its programmes in the various fields of space research (science, microgravity, earth observation, etc).

Description:

  • The instrument and experiment proposals are first, at national level, evaluated by the Czech PRODEX committee and then are reviewed and selected by ESA in accordance with its own rules and procedures.
  • No instrument or experiment not selected by ESA shall be funded under this programme.
  • Czech subscription to PRODEX cannot be used to fund development in other Member States.
  • Programme represents a very good platform for national funding of Czech scientific instruments to be flown on-board spacecraft.
  • Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) established the Czech PRODEX Committee at the beginning 2010 in order to review project proposals and to follow up on the development of the programme.

Czech financial contribution:

  • 0,25 mil EUR per year in the period 2009-2010. It is expected that the Czech Republic will contribute 0,5 mil. EUR yearly in 2011-2015.

More information about this programme is here.


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2015 Ministry of Transport, ITS, Space Activities and R&D Department 

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